Community Forest Management is a method of forest management with the participation of community members, aimed at sustainable management of community used (or owned) forests, meeting common needs of the whole community.

In Vietnam, the relationships of population communities, clans (ethnic communities) and religion communities have been maintaining for generations. In the past, some ethnic groups had community-based forests, where they applied various traditions and management regulations in order to protect and use those forests. The results of forest management are all different among communities. But in general, they all succeeded to manage the forests to protect water sources and common benefits of the communities.

In the concentrated planning period, some following regulations and mechanisms were applied, which had advantage over community economic relations:

All forest resources belong to state ownership, managed by state-owned forest enterprises;

Community relationships were replaced by economic and administrative relationships of cooperatives (economic organizations) or executed by state authorities (People’s Committee at commune level). Thus, community forest management lost its place, community-based forests were lost or exist only according to traditions and are not recognized by institutions…

In “transforming” period, the State had the policy to facilitate land and forest allocation, develop social forestry, manage forestry at levels, involve participation of farmers, reorganize cooperatives and promote community traditional approaches in socio-economic management in rural areas. Therefore, in fact some community forest management models have been developing.

This report analyzes some issues of community forest management in Cuu Long river Delta. Based on that, the report makes some recommendations on community forest management in mangrove forest areas.


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