the assessment of the implementation of forest protection and management regulations in village communities

background

Forest is a part of the vital environment, a valuable resource of the country, which has rich capacity for rehabilitation and has high value for national economy, for community culture, ecological tourism, for science researches, for national security and for the life quality of the whole national. The protection and development of forest resources is the responsibilities and duties of the whole society.

In the last years, forest protection and development has drawn special attention of the communist party and of the government. Policies for socialization have created a huge opportunities for the participation of different forces in the forest activities, enhancing the strength of the whole society for participation in the forest protection and development, harmonizing the forest protection and economic and social development and poverty reduction. The Government has issued a number of documents in order to encourage the people forest production. Following the Decree 29/1998/NĐ – CP of 15/11/1998 by the Government regarding the implementation of democracy at commune level, MARD has issued the circular no. 56/1999/BNN – KL dated 30/3/1999 for instruction on the implementation of forest protection and development regulations in village communities.

Four years of the implementation of these regulations show that where the people follows these regulations well, the cases of illegal exploitation and forest fires reduced significantly. Apart from this, forest protection and development regulations have contributed to improve the awareness and responsibilities of the people, to encourage advantages of traditions and traditional cultural values of all ethnic groups in the communities and to mobilize existing resources in the localities for participation in forest protection and development activities.

Although, the implementation of these regulations is still slow with low efficiency. Therefore, in order to have these regulations as an effective tool for forest protection and development, it is necessary to conduct universal and detailed surveys and assessments on the development and implementation of these regulations, based on which lessons to be learned and these regulations to be adjusted, revised appropriately and applied in the localities.

Based on the real situation in the localities, where the forest protection and development regulations are implemented with food. Forest Protection Department has conducted surveys, researches and assessments in some selected provinces: Lai Ch©u, S¬n La, Hoµ B×nh, Thõa Thiªn – HuÕ, Gia Lai, §¾k L¾k .

I/ objectives and topics for researches

1.1. Objectives

To assess the effectiveness of the implementation of forest protection and development regulations in different ecological areas, based on which to propose solutions for finalization of the instruction for the implementation of these regulations.

1.2. Topics

– Whether the method for development of regulations of provinces is in line with the laws and traditional regulations of the villages.

– Assess the process of development and implementation of regulations in selected provinces, where forest protection and development regulations are implemented effectively. Based on the assessment outputs, assess the quality of developed regulations (Northern West, Central Highland and Central Vietnam).

– Summarize, assess on weaknesses, strengths, opportunities and threats of the regulations, which have been developed and implemented. Then to have the direction for the development of more effective forest protection and development regulations.

II/ Outputs of the researches

Pursuant to the relevant legal documents such as the Decree 02/CP dated 15/01/1994 by the Prime Minister regarding the allocation of forest land to organizations, households and individuals for long term use with forestry purposes, Decree 163/1999/N§- CP dated 16/11/1999 by the Prime Minster for regarding land allocation and contracting to organizations, households and individuals for long term use with forestry; Decision 245/1998/Q§- TTg dated 21/12/1998 by the Prime Minster regarding the implementation of management responsibilities on forest and forest land by different levels; Decision 178/2001/Q§- TTg by the Prime Minister regarding benefits and obligations of households and individuals, to which forest and forest land have been allocated, contracted and leased; Decree no. 29/1998/N§- CP dated 11/5/1998 by the Government regarding the promulgation of regulations on the implementation of democracy at commune level; Circular 56/1999/TT/BNN-KL dated 30/3/1999 by MARD regarding the instruction for development of forest protection and development regulations in villages; Directive 52/2001/CT- BNN- KL dated 07/5/2001 by the Minister of MARD regarding the enhancing the development and implementation of Forrest protection and development regulations in village communities

Based on collected materials, guiding documents, reports of provincial and district PC’s, of Forest Protection Sub-departments and based on site surveys in provinces of different ecological areas in the whole country like Northern West, Northern East, Central Highland and North of the Central Vietnam, which represent different economic development conditions, cultivation practices and different customs and traditions

The outputs of our researches are as following:

(Source Mekonginfo.org)

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