Evaluation of the effectiveness of forest land allocation and allocation of forest for protection on contract to households and individuals

Vo Nguyen Huan

Forest Science Institute of Vietnam


I. Introduction


Forest and forest land represents about 2/3 of the land area in the whole country and is a mean of labour and main labour object of over 30 million people of 50 ethnic groups and at the same time is the leading decisive factor contributing to ecological environment protection. The State programme for allocating forest land to various organizations began in 1968. With time, the State has promulgated and implemented a system of policies on forest land allocation and allocation of forest for protection on contract to organizations, households and individuals suitably to each period. Through nearly 30 years implementing the programme of forest land allocation and allocation of forest for protection on contract, the forestry branch has accomplished some definite achievements, encouraging many economic components participate in forestry endevours. Larger and larger area of bare land and denuded hills is put into use. Many good models of production with the forms of agro-forestry system, forest farm and forest garden have developed in all localities, creating employment and income for millions of people.


Besides the above- mentioned achievements, the programme of forest land allocation and allocation of forest for protection on contract still have many remaining problems. An easily seen fact is that with agricultural land, after the decision No 10 on production on contract and the Decision 64/CP, the peasants have attached themselves closely with the land, food production have made quick and rather stable step forward but with forest land the allocation of forest land and the allocation of forest for protection on contract carried out formerly and after the issuing of the Decision 02/CP, no such a motive force was created. To find out the causes of the above- mentioned situation, we conduct a research subject: Evaluation of the effectiveness of forest land allocation and allocation of forest for protection on contract to households, individual”.

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