Forest science institute of Vietnam (FSIV) annual report 2009

PART I. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS, ADVANTAGES and DIFFICULTIES 

The year 2009 is the fourth year of the Five Year Plan of the period 2006-2010 for FSIV. It was an important year for FSIV as it prepared for the change to a scientific and technological organization which requires a self-sufficient budget mechanism according to the Decree 115/2005/ND-CP. Furthermore, it is the fifth year that FSIV had participated in tendering for scientific and technological tasks, and FSIV has been successful in achieving 16 projects.

The organizational structure of FSIV includes a Director General, four Deputy Director Generals, three functional divisions, six research divisions, 14 research centers and one sub-institute. FSIV employs 579 staff, of which 415 are regular staff and 164 are irregular staff. The qualifications of the staff are: 0.7% associate professors, 4.3% doctors, 17.8% Masters, 45.4% engineers/bachelors, and 31% certificates/workers.

Advantages:

FSIV employs are both highly qualified and experience scientists and young researchers, who are active and enthusiastic to undertake study and research. Under the direction of the FSIV Directorate, the activities in all centres have been effectively and efficiently carried out. MARD has assigned a large number of research projects to FSIV.

Difficulties:

Dry weather and drought have been experienced in the Middle of the country and with strong typhoons some experimental plots have been damaged. Research activities of FSIV have been implemented across the country, but the number of staff working in functional divisions was reduced. This reduction of staff has caused some difficulty in the monitoring and evaluation of results in some research projects. Tasks were not equally assigned among research fields and units. The principles and regulations for running the Decree 115 have not been well completed making it difficult to implement the Decree.  

PART 2: TASKS IN 2009

In 2009, FSIV implemented the following projects:

103 scientific, technological and environmental tasks with a value of 40.758 billion VND,

12 scientific and technological projects and 661 projects with a value of 4.118 billion VND;

seven contracts for forestry extension with a value of 2.079 billion VND;

three breeding projects with a value of 13.171 billion VND;

six equipment and tool strengthening projects with a value of 9.172 billion VND;

four small size construction and reparation projects with a value of 30.876 billion VND;

six basic construction projects with a value of 780 million VND;

twelve international cooperation projects with a value of 4.802 billion VND;

training 34 P.D students worth with a value of 90 million VND;Implemented more than 126 science, services and production contracts with a total value of 33.63 billion VND.

The total budget of FSIV in 2009 was around 155.616 billion VND, which is an increase of 11% compared with 2008. 

PART 3: ACHIEVEMENT

3.1. Results from science technology and environment projects

The main achievements of the different research areas are as follows:

3.1.1. Silvicultural area

One national variety of Acacia auriculiformics and 14 advanced technical varieties and four clones of E. camaldulensis were approved by MARD.

Propagation techniques by using mature embryo for Pinus keysii were implemented. Gene Bt was moved to embryogenesis.1

8 pairs of SSR and three RAPD were found to apply in research genetic relationship of A. auriculiformis.

Established several hybrid-combinations between Azadirachta excelsa and Azadirachta excelsa. There was a difference of growth between hybrid trees and their parents. Hybrid strains between E. urophyllaand E. pellita, between E. grandis and E. pellita grew fastest. Developed propagation methods by tissue culture and cutting for selected Tectona grandis and Melia azedarch. 

Develop propagation methods for natural hybrid Acacia, manmade hybrid Acacia, E. urophylla, manmade Eucalyptus, and Chukrasia tabularis. Cutting method guideline generated for Michelia mediocris, Dalbergia tonkinensis and Celastrus hindsii.

Classified plantation sites for Cleistanthus petelotii and Scaphium macropodum. The light requirement for Scaphium macropodum in nursery was found to be 50-70% of the full light. Four potential provenances of Scaphium macropodum for plantation was found, yield is more than 1.5 ton/ha/year after 2 years since being planted; selected 85 plus trees in Ninh Thuan the yield is of 2.0-3.2 kg/tree/year. Applied the products of root symbiosis fungus AM to increase the yield of Jatropha seed of up to 25-35%, and increase the rate of flowering trees to 16-25% compared with controlled plots. 

Identified the light requirement of Machilus odoratissima and Pterocarpus macrocacarpus, and the nutrient requirement of 1-2 year seedlings of Machilus odoratissima, Lithocarpus ducampii, and Pterocarpus macrocacarpus in nursery; recommended technical solutions to planting and rehabilitating a mixture of Machilus odoratissima, Lithocarpus ducampiiPterocarpus macrocacarpusDeveloped criteria for classification of soil for planting Acacia mangium, Acacia hybrid, Acacia auriculiformis, E. urophylla, Dendrocalamus membranaceus, Pinus massoniana, Pinus merkusii, Pinus kesiya, Dipterocarpus alatus and Hopea odorata in five ecological regions of the North Central, North East, North of the Central, Central Highlands, and South East.

Recommended budget for forest production planting; generated software to classify soil; developed procedures for inventory and classification of soil.

Identified criteria to classify hazardous sites for mangrove forests; developed six maps with scale of 1/100000 to describe progress of mangrove forests in Quang Ninh, Hai Phong through year of 1990, 1995, and 2000.

Developed seven maps with scales of 1/100000 (cover rate, slope, rainfall, soil type, soil layer, soil texture, distance to residential area), and the map of degraded watershed forest of Ca River – Nghe An; guidelines for classification of degraded watershed forests; developed project proposal to rehabilitate and develop degraded watershed forest of Ca River.

Selected several plus trees of Camellia oleifera for a provenance trial; completed propagation techniques and intensive planting of Camellia oleifera. Supplemented knowledge of silvics of some species belong to Fagacaea family in Central Highlands and techniques to promote natural regeneration to convert into forest proving commercial products; Conditions and techniques to plant Michelia macclurei and Cedre odorata.

Identified wood properties, the uses of wood, site classification for planting two species of Schima wallichii.Identified scientific basis for rehabilitation of degraded Dendrocalamus membranaceus forests in Thanh Hoa. Initial selected species, techniques and established models to covert degraded Dendrocalamus membranaceus forest into fast growing plantation (Acacia, Eucalyptus) and plantation mixture of native species (Erythrofluem fordii, Lithocarpus fissus, Cinamomum parthenoxylum, Hopea odorata, Aglaia spectabilis) in Hoa Binh, Phu Tho, and Thanh Hoa.

Developed techniques to produce seedlings and establish experiments to grow Moringa oleifera to provide raw materials for bio-oil; techniques to grow rattan.

Drafted procedure for establishing intensive plantation of Acacia mangium, Acacia auriculiformis, E. urophylla, Pinus caribae for saw log purposes.

Developed guidelines to promote natural regeneration of A. mangium.

Identified the distribution regions, silvics characteristics, and selected 210 plus trees of three species Brownlowia tabularis, Toona surenii and Dipterocarpus costatus.

Researches on the distribution, silvics of Cleidion spiciflorum, Parkia sumatrana show that DBH growth rate is 3-5 cm/year. Wood is suitable for veneer, but it is not good for furniture due to its limited properties.

Established 18 ha of experiments to manage the layer of shrub and vegetation, nutrients, branching and thinning for Eucalyptus, Acacia hybrid, and A. auriculiformis.

Identified silvics characteristics, reviewed models and silvicultural methodologies applied for Lithocarpus fissus and Neolamarckia cadamba in some ecological regions; selected 200 plus trees for the two species.

Selected 20 trees of E. camaldulensis to resist disease and to be sensitive to leaf spot disease.

Identified components and distribution of plants occurring on stone, sand, and coral piece under irregular tide in provinces of the South of the Middle and the South.  Reviewed the experiences to grow forest on stone, sand, coral piece; selected 50 parent trees of five species to provide seeds.

Established and collected data for silvics study in a system of 60 permanent plots for four types of forests: Salt-swamp tropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, Tropical evergreen broad-leaved forest, Tropical semi-deciduous board leaved forest, and Alum- swamp tropical evergreen broad leaved forest. Supplemented information, data and scientific basis on population growth of these above types of forests and growth of individuals of some dominant species. Supplemented structure characteristics and regeneration dynamics of the four forest types above.

Drafted procedures to produce micro-products to be applied to Pinus and Eucalyptus.

Separated 30 pure varieties of fungi from Cordyceps collected in Vietnam; described characteristics of 12 varieties and listed genetic sources of Cordyceps.

Listed insects to eat leaves of A. hybrid, A. auriculiformis, and A. mangium in Quang Tri. Drafted technical procedures to control forest disease.

3.1.2. Forest Industry

Identified anatomical characteristics, wood properties and chemical composition of Alstonia scholaris, Aquilaria crassna, E. urophylla, Bombax malabrica; Published Atlat  retaining to wood properties and bamboo of Vietnam.

Developed technical solutions to problems that happen in wood processing (saw, dry, finger board…), to increase the consumption of wood of E. urophyllafor furniture manufacture.

Identified technological factors to produce furniture using bamboo.

Researched technology to change plantation, wood properties, designed and produced equipment to change wood properties for boat manufacture.

Drafted procedures to dry wood for floor making; identify chemical and humid –hot methods to limit the problems of the wood; Tested procedure to produce charcoal and designed equipment to produce charcoal from Rhizophora apiculata wood. Identified methods to saw Melaleuca leucadendron wood for furniture making with the use rate of 18.75%. Identified the chemical PEG and the technological parameters to fix shape, size of sawn wood of Melaleuca leucadendron. Recommended technical procedures to preserve logs and sawn wood using chemical LN5 and XM5. Recommended procedure to dry sawn wood.

Identified active elements: oil from Azadirachta indica seed, oil from Azadirachta excelsa seed, tannin from Dioscorea cirrhosa using for control of insects to damage forest products; identified solvent, adding elements to produce three kinds of preservative chemicals.

Initially distilled and developed a procedure to distil oil from Illicum verum.

Identified main chemicals of seed shell of cashew; Oil content of leaf after compressed;

Parameters to dry piseases of cashew seed shells; Use rate of cashew wood; compressed principle to make board. Researched and selected preservative chemicals, chemical to make bamboo soft and preservative regulations, bamboo materials for handicraft, and initially tested in some handicraft villages.

Identified components of termites and the main damage to plantations of Eucalyptus and Acacia, identified bio-characteristics of termites; selected suitable products to control termites in Vietnam.

Selected chemical, paint, additional elements and formulas to establish paint to protect sea boats.

Identified technical solutions to adjust micro-climate in cutting house, established advanced cutting house to suit Lao wind and North wind.

Designed two types of plough machinery used in mountainous areas in the North, Central Highlands, and South east areas.

Developed criteria and principles to code HS for Vietnam wood products, and tested HS for 100 wood products of Vietnam.

Reviewed some international standards, developed Vietnam standards of wood, harvest machinery, safety in wood processing.

3.1.3. Forestry economy and policy

Reviewed theoretical basis on policy and solution to increase competitive capacity of small and middle enterprises regarding the WTO conditions.

Identified generally capacitive capacity, policy status, and solutions to increase competitive capacity of small and middle enterprises.

Evaluated status of plantation, exported market of wood furniture, import of material, effectiveness of plantation of some main species for commercial purposes, evaluated the impact of policy on production and livelihood of people, recommended policy orientation to promote development of main species for the commercial purposes in the three regions of North East, North Central, and North of Central.

Assessed the status and initially recommended forestry trade organizations.

3.2. Breeding project, Forestry Extension, 661a. Breeding project

Project: Development of tree breeding for planting economic plantation:

Established 66 ha or seed stand, seed orchard, and original parent orchard of E. urophylla, E. pellita, Acacia hybrid, Acacia auriculiformis, Acacia mangium, Acacia orassicarpaand Pinus caribae, 18 breeding material orchards, stored 68 varieties in a laboratory. Transferred tissue culture and cutting technology to five units.

Project: Increase breeding quality of native species for enrichment and store and promotion of natural regeneration:

Select 700 plus trees for seven native species in some ecological regions; Converted 400 ha seed stand; planted 27 ha seed stand and seed orchard in Quang Ninh and Quang Binh provinces. 

Project: Development of forest breeding for planting on coastline sand, alum soil, and salt-swamp soil: Planted five ha of Acacia tolerant to drought, two ha of clone trees of Casuariana, five ha of seed orchard of Melaleuca leucadendron, eight ha of seed stand of Melaleuca leucadendron, established one ha nursery in Thien Nghiep station.

b. Forestry Extension 

Silviculture Techniques Research Division, Forest Ecology and Environment Research Centre, Technical Consultancy and Service Centre, Non-timber Forest Products Research Centre, North-western Forest Science and Production Centre, North-eastern Vietnam Forest Science and Production Centre, and South Vietnam Forest Science Sub-Institute implemented seven contracts of forestry extension on techniques transfer and establishment of plantation models of  Acacia hybrid, Acacia mangium, E. urophylla, Pinus caribae, Dipterocarpus alatus, Dendrocalamus ohhlami and Calamus tetradactylus.

c. Project 661

Eleven units of FSIV implemented 12 tasks under the 661 Project pertaining to planting, regeneration promotion, forest protection and management and small issues such as fire-line, guide tower, wells, fan and botanic gardens. 

3.3. International cooperation 

Implemented in collaboration with international partnersthe following projects:

Optimizing silvicultural management and productivity of high-quality acacia plantation, especially for sawlogs. Protecting productivity, incomes and trade though improved surveillance of Vietnam ‘s plantations.

Advanced breeding and deployment method for tropical acacias;

Using genetic diversify and bio-technology in tree breeding improvement research

Evaluate mangrove forests in Xuan Thuy National Park;

Quick fact finding study in forestry sector in model areas of Dien Bien province.

Assess native species diversity in natural forest, plantation in the North-west region;

Analysis of the consequences of land allocation and identification and development of new options for livelihoods to reduce poverty in forest dependent communities;

Strengthening Rural Institutions to Support Livelihood Security for Smallholders Involved in Industrial Tree-planting Programs in Vietnam and Indonesia,

Drafted Action plan for Vietnamese Forestry Research for the period 2011-2020.

Received more than 50 international experts and delegations to visit and work at FSIV.

Three staff returned after obtaining PhD’s in Sweden and Japan,

Three Masters students graduated from Australia and Germany came back and work at FSIV.

There were seven PhD and 4 Masters students studying in Sweden, Holland, Australia, China, Korea, Japan, and Germany.  

3.4. Scientific service and trade

Signed 126 contracts in various fields in line with the tasks and missions of FSIV, with a budget of 33.63 billion VND. Specifically, the North Central VN Forest Science and Production Centre attained 23.53 billion VND, equally 70% the total budget for this aspect of FSIV.

3.5. Post Graduate-Training

In 2009, FSIV held an exam to select seven PhD candidates for the period of 2009 – 2013. In the same year, there were five PhD candidates who completed research topic examines, three PhD candidates successfully presented at the basis committee, six PhD candidates were completing their theses for submission at National committee, two PhD candidates successfully presented their work for examination and review by the national committee.

Nine scientists were supervisors for six under-graduate students, nine master students, and 13 PhD students.  Scientists of FSIV also participated in generating a text book, documents and giving lectures at Forestry University, Thai Nguyen Agriculture and Forestry University, and University of Central Highlands. 

3.6. Data and information

Published four volumes of high quality forest science journals; Published the Conference Proceeding for Forestry Science and Technology in Northern Vietnam; Published the book: Guidelines the forestry breeding for the period of 2000-2009. In addition, FSIV published 14 other books for the purpose of training and technical transfer. Published 70 articles in Vietnamese, five articles in English, 87 papers in Vietnamese in conference proceeding, five papers in English in International conference proceeding.

Disseminated FSIV and its achievement at a number of conferences held both in Vietnam and overseas.

3.7. General evaluation

a. Main achievement

In 2009, FSIV successfully implemented a large number of activities with the budget only 11% higher than in 2008.

Implemented successfully 103 science, technology and environment tasks with the budget of 40.758 billion VND. MARD approved 15 new forestry varieties, of which one national variety of A. auriculiformics, ten advanced varieties of A. auriculiformis, and four advanced varieties of  E. camaldulensis. Generated 14 technical procedures to control forest pest and disease, harvesting, wood processing and preservation.

Successfully tendered for 16 science and technology tasks of which one was a national task and 15 were at ministry level.

FSIV implemented 126 contracts to do services and technical transfer with a budget of 33.63 billion VND.

Well managed and implemented projects of basis construction, particularly nearly completed the project of three laboratories.

Administration, planning and science management, finance and account were well implemented.

In short, the achievements of FSIV attained in 2009 is a good motivation and the basis for the coming years, particularly to be a good basis for the implementing the Decree 115.

b. Weakness

Due to the areas carried out activities were very large, and the activities were also various, the monitoring and evaluation of the project implementation were still limited.

The management within some units under FSIV was not good, and again the monitoring and evaluation activities were not well implemented.

The number of science and technology tasks was large, but they did not equally distribute into every forest field, and there was a lack of research results that transferred into production.

PART IV: SOLUTION TO IMPLEMENT TASKS IN 2010

1. Management of FSIV

Increase the management effectiveness of the institution, strengthen the direction of the Communist Party, and strengthen the management of the functional divisions, research divisions, centers and sub-institutes.

Strengthen the collaboration between research divisions and regional centers. Increase implementation of introduced principles and regulations, revise and supplement principles and regulations if they are no longer suitable.  Continue organizing workshop and conferences.

Discussing the plan and schedule to implement the Decree 115.

Implement effectively activities to prevent duplication of activities. 

Organize the science and technology conference in the South.

2. Personnel organization

Complete the Plan of establishing the new Institute to submit to MARD and then to the Government.Implement the personnel planning, and the regime as introduced.

3. Plan of science and technology projects

Effectively implement and manage 97 Science and Technology tasks in 2010, of which 10 should be at national level, 51 at ministry level, 28 at unit level, and 8 at provincial level.

Develop new proposals.  Identify the tasks and projects for 2011.

Continue organizing scientific workshops, mid-term and final workshops for projects. 

Organize the consultation workshop to comment on new projects for 2010.

Strengthen the consultation, monitoring and evaluation from FSIV, centers and research division to the activities process and results of projects. Increase the quality of project implementation and results.

Increase the quantity and quality of research results to be transferred to production.

4. International cooperation

Strengthen the cooperation with international partners in research and development, technology transfer.

Manage international projects efficiently. 

Develop and implement new international projects, to combine international cooperation with education and training.

5. Staff training 

Strengthen the collaboration between FSIV and other research, education and training institutions.

Develop the training of research staff, particularly for post-graduate training for research divisions.

Monitoring and promote PhD candidates to implement projects and theses following the approved schedules, and improve the quality of theses.

6. Data and information

Strengthen the dissemination of FSIV, its activities and achievements.

Improve the Website with updated and useful information and research results from FSIV.

Strengthen the e database of plant resources and research results. Increase the quality and quantity of Forestry Science Journal.   

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